:: english

Is Russia an imperialist power? III. Continuities, Reconstitutions and ruptures

Many differences separate the current scenario from the tsarist antecedent. Russia’s confluence with Western powers has been replaced by serious clashes. This confrontation determines expansive tendencies of a different kind. Comparisons with the USSR omit the absence of capitalism under that system. There were mechanisms of external oppression, but no Soviet imperialism.
Russia’s secondary place in the imperialist hierarchy is not synonymous with sub-imperialism. Nor does an ambiguous relationship with the world’s dominators prevail. Internal colonialism has re-emerged, but it does not define the imperial condition, nor does it determine the sign of national movements in the post-Soviet space.
Leer texto completo [PDF]

Dependency theory in Eduardo Galeano’s Open Veins of Latin America

This year marks the 50th anniversary of the publication of the classic account of imperialism and the struggle against it in Latin America, The Open Veins of Latin America, by the late Uruguayan radical writer Eduardo Galeano. The ISP is proud to publish this translation of a reflection on Open Veins, 50 years later, written by the Argentinian Marxist economist Claudio Katz, and presented at the International Seminar marking 50 years since the publication of Open Veins, at Universidad de la República del Uruguay, Montevideo, June 23, 2021. Translated by Bridget Broderick and Lance SelfaLeer texto completo [PDF]

China: Neither imperialist nor part of the Global South

China’s geopolitical status is the subject of increasing controversy. Its presentation as an imperialist power is based on mistaken analogies that overlook the way in which its productive expansion is accompanied by geopolitical restraint. An imperial profile is defined by international acts of domination and not by economic parameters.
China exhibits the features of an empire in formation, but only in an embryonic form. The limits to its capitalist restoration affect the degree to which it resembles an empire. It profits from Latin America’s dependence on raw materials exports, but its intervention there is a far cry from that of the United States.
The tensions that capitalism generates in China are disguised by indulgent views that ignore the incompatibility of that system with an inclusive globalization. Its current trade and investment relations contradict calls for cooperation. China is not part of the Global South. It is grappling with the imbalances of a developed economy and the tensions of a creditor. Three possible scenarios can be envisaged for the medium term.
Leer texto completo [PDF]

Today’s imperialism still lacks clear definition

Leer texto completo [PDF]Imperialism is a mechanism of domination with changing historical modalities. The territorial, commercial and intermediate variants preceded the capitalist imperative of profit. This difference is diluted in the model of hegemonic successions.
Classical imperialism was characterized more by war than by economic transformations. The later model led by the United States has sought to stifle revolutions and prevent socialism. The current North American impotence contrasts with the flexibility of its British predecessor.
Mutations in contemporary capitalism have no equivalent imperial correlates. Neoliberalism disrupted the functioning of the system, but imperialism continues without a compass. The defining features will be determined in the clash with the Asian rival and popular resistance.

The United States’ Failed Imperial Recovery

The United States seeks to regain its sagging world dominance by capturing wealth,
quelling rebellions, and deterring competitors. It supports this operation with gigantic
military power and a burdensome arms economy.
Hybrid wars have radically transformed imperial interventionism. They have added the
chaotic scene of refugees and civilian victims generated by the demolition of several
states.
The breakdown of internal cohesion is the main obstacle to the US imperial revival.
Trump’s economic and geopolitical failures confirmed those limitations. This impotence
did not reverse rearmament with new atomic devices. With greater diplomacy Biden
will pursue aggressive policies while using worn out ideological covers.
Leer texto completo [PDF]

Dependency theory and the world-system

Wallerstein’s conception intersects with dependency. He posits a five-century world system model with competitive pillars, secular cycles, and changing hegemonies. It portrays central, peripheral and intermediate insertions based on productive modalities and commercialized products. It describes the same polarization, stable stratification, and recreation of underdevelopment that diagnoses the Marxist theory of dependency.
But the two approaches diverge in several areas. Closed systems differ from contradictory modes of production. The exact forecast of terminal crises contrasts with the hierarchization of the political-social dimension. The automaticity of long cycles is contrasted with attention to class confrontation and the theories of absolute pauperization distance themselves from the gravitation assigned to social conquests.
There are also discrepancies in the inclusion of the former socialist bloc within the world system and in the assessment of anti-imperialist mediations and national revolutionary traditions. The record of emancipation as an episode that is only contemporary and unrealizable in the past is highly controversial and controversy persists regarding political strategies that disregard the state.
Leer texto completo [PDF]

Coronavirus and the global economic crisis: A crisis triggered by greed for profit

The global economic crisis is deteriorating at a rate as dizzying as the pandemic is. The reduction in economic growth and the sudden halt in China’s production system are now behind us. Now the price of oil has collapsed, stock markets have plummeted and panic in the financial world has set in.Leer texto completo [PDF]

Lecture: Theory of Dependency, 50 Years Later

The following is from a lecture the author, an Argentine Marxist economist and political analyst, gave at the reception for the 12th Liberator Award for Critical Thinking 2019. It was given for his book, “La Teoría de la Dependencia, 50 años después” (“Theory of Dependency, 50 Years Later”).Leer texto completo [PDF]

Who’s who in Latin America’s upheaval

Latin America is experiencing an abrupt change generated by enormous confrontations between the dispossessed and the privileged. This confrontation includes both revolts by the people andreactions by the oppressors.

Leer texto completo [PDF]

Venezuela Defines the Future of the Region

The struggle for Venezuela will decide the destiny of Latin America, argues Claudio Katz. We must recognise global Right’s hypocrisy in its attempts to topple Maduro. But it doesn’t act alone: similar forces are alive inside a government that has failed to counteract economic collapse.